Elizabeth Hindle was a non-resident pauper who legally belonged to the north-west Lancashire township of Longton in the Preston Poor Law Union, but lived in the township of Ormskirk some fourteen miles away. We first encounter this 28-year-old mother of three, whose descent into pauperism was caused by her criminal husband’s transportation to Australia, in the minute books of both the Preston and Ormskirk unions in December 1858. Her children were aged five, eight and ten at this time. The Ormskirk guardians has written to their counterparts in Preston asking if they would be willing to allow Hindle three shillings outdoor relief per week for three months, the maximum period allowed before her case had to be reviewed. She was, they explained, ‘too ill to be removed or do any hard work’.